There are few published studies looking at the best ways to raise puppies for future detection success. Far more dogs ultimately "fail" in detection due to environmental sensitivity/reactivity rather than being unable to do the actual detection task. Dogs have amazing noses! What we are asking from trained detection dogs is to focus on that amazing nose and often ignore large amounts of distraction.
Several studies have looked at successfully raising guide dogs, a job that also requires excellent environmental stability. This is likely to be a great place to start from, while adding in experiences to help encourage reward object interest and develop hunting skills.
The International Working Dog Registry has kindly made early socialization materials available here. These recommendations were compiled from multiple International Working Dog Breeder's Association members and are meant to help guide and encourage early socialization efforts.